Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production System

Tuesday, February 7th, 2012 - Business & Finance, Management

Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production SystemScience Behind Aquaponics Food Production System

Aquaponics is an cool and growing industry in which plants and aquatic animals are grown by providing them the neighborly environment in a recirculating system. Incarnate stimulates our concrete enthusiasm eco system. The basic instruction and proper guideline requisite typify followed to rush the system. The plants and fish genus should appear as selected according to the area climate. The existence of this particular food production system comes into being by the existence of two sub system. To figure out Aquaponics ‘ present point, we right to explain the following sub systems. Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production System
• Aquaculture
• Hydroponics

Aquaculture
Aquatic animals commensurate fish, prawns, crayfish, crustaceans and molluscs are grown in usable environment by the hydroponics combination. Project! You trust pop up fish in your own local hole up few dollars and you fault further produce vegetables hidden clay that is positively gratuitous stow away perceptible. You regard to cultivate fish in food production system and vegetables are also produced ensconce de facto? Authentic looks equal a daydream but not tell a petite fervor incarnate is possible anywhere around the creation. If un – experienced farmers ultimate to scuttle this system, material is not a solid occupation for akin farmers if they proceed from the technique provided by experts of food production systems. But, if they wrap up not prepare inasmuch as, the full system is at a risk.

Particular types of aquaculture are
• Shrimp farming
• Fish farming
• Ornamental fish fleshing out
• Oyster farming
• Algaculture comparable seaweed farming
Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production System

Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production System

Hydroponics
A exclusive method of growing plants obscure out clay or soil, by using different minerals solutions. Terrestrial plants are usually grown by putting their roots in the solution or in inert medium like gravel, perlite, coconut husk or mineral wool.

There are some reasons of adopting hydroponics in food production system,
• It is very easy to harvest.
• No clay or soil is required for plant cultivation.
• Due to controlled system, the nutrition pollution is not released.
• The water always remains in the system and it can be re – used at any time.
• High and stable yields.
• Less nutrition cost because the level of nutrition is easy to control.

How an aquatic system works?
Water uses the gravity as its transport and is drained in the gravel bed from the fish tank. Bacteria break down the ammonia which is present in fish waste and change it into nitrate and nitrate which is necessary or key nutrients for plants growth. Watercress is use often as a secondary way of water filtration. Water after filtration is pumped to growing beds from the gravel beds. The roots of Vegetables like tomato and other salad green receive this water. When plants absorb all essential nutrients ( nitrate and nitrogen ) from water, the water is cleansed and finally re – circulated back to fish tank. This cycle is repeated with small intervals.

For a success full aquatic system, monitoring for fish and plants health is necessary because both are the soul of the system and survival of both elements depends on each other. For example, the nitrate produced by fish waste is used by plants and fish uses the oxygenated water which is cleansed by plants within the system. Science Behind Aquaponics Food Production System

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